Oil on primed surfaces, canvas or board; alternatively, Egg Tempera or Acrylic. For Exterior Surfaces, paints suitable for outdoor use are used. Tempera or Exterior Murals may have an appropriate varnish applied.

Decorative Furniture

Wooden furniture pieces are either primed to create a background colour or left natural with a natural product varnish application. Decorative work is usually Egg Tempera with an oil/ varnish mix. However, occasionally you may prefer the artist to use acrylic or oil. Most furniture can be finished using a matt or gloss acrylic varnish.

Indian Miniatures

Egg Tempera on Gesso Panels, sheepskin parchment or on paper. There are various stages from design, application, colour filling and outlining. The final stage involves using a single hair squirrel brush shading with tiny light strokes building up in layers to create form and shadow.


Once the designs have been created for each individual instrument the artist uses a special ingredient in several layers to prepare the Virginal Soundboards. It prepares the surface for the Tempera Decorations but still allows the board to maintain its flexibitility and not interfere with its sound quality. All decorative work is created using an Egg Tempera and oil/ varnish mix and is applied by hand.

The Virginal Soundboard Decoration for Malcolm Rose, Decorated with a traditional Ultramarine Blue Border Pattern around the Rose, Bridges and Outside Edge. Gold and Black diagonal stripes on the front edge of both bridges. The various traditional wild flower designs have been staged as though they have been cut and then dropped onto the instrument. Traditional Jaipur style miniature brush shading has been used to give form to the flowers.

Tempera Painting

Painting Technique in which colour pigments in a powder form, such as ultramarine, titanium white, bronze powders and alizarin crimson, are mixed with a binder, normally the yolk of an egg, thinned with water and applied to a gesso ground. It is opaque, permanent and fast drying. It has been used since the early 14th Centuries through to the 16th Century with a revival in the 19th Century, as part of the general revival of interest in the arts and crafts of the late Middle Ages. It is commonly associated with some fresco paintings and Egyptian art. Egg Tempera was also the preferred medium of such Renaissance artists as Duccio and Botticelli. It is a direct process which dries quickly and does not permit the artist second thoughts.